Sunday, May 24, 2020
During the 18th century European governments were primarily monarchies. However, people were becoming fed up with the unfair policies monarchies imposed and wanted change. France was one of these countries and in 1789 a revolution broke out. The French Revolution helped bring change to France and all of Europe by ending monarchies and spreading new ideas of democracy. There were many political, economic, and social problems that lead up to the French revolution. During this time, France was ruled by King Louis XVI. As mentioned in document 1, Louis ruled as an absolute monarch. He had total control over the government and its people, this caused many French citizens to be unhappy because they saw Louis as a weak ruler. Another factorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By 1791, France had adopted its first constitution which abolished the monarchy and put the Catholic Church under government control. Because of this, other European monarchs felt threatened and declared war on France (Doc 4). By 1792 France was declared a Republic and came under radical control, this began The Reign of Terror. Led by Maximilien Robespierre, The Reign of terror was an attempt to terminate Ã¢â¬Å"enemies of the regimeÃ¢â¬ . Thousands of people were imprisoned and sentenced to death by the guillotine. During this time, the people of France were terrified of the governme nt, for fear of going to prison. People hardly went out or talked to each other because there were spies everywhere and the slightest misstep could get them imprisoned or killed (Doc 6). Although the revolution ended up killing and imprisoning thousands of people, it ultimately helped the third estate be free of the government it despised. The French revolution, not only effected France, but also affected the rest of Europe. People from other countries in similar conditions also wanted change. They too were tired of the corrupt monarchy and unjust social classes practiced within them. Because of the French Revolution the idea of democracy, liberty, equality, and freedom spread to other parts of the world. Countries in Europe and Latin America inspired by what was happening in France decided to revolt tooShow MoreRelatedCauses Of The French Revolution1119 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe French Revolution The French Revolution of 1789 was one of the biggest upheavals in history. You may be wondering what exactly led this to happen, but there were multiple long range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions ultimately led to the discontent of many French people especially those of the third estate. The ideals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. Before the revolution, the majority of France were living in poverty. Peasants were entirelyRead MoreCauses Of The French Revolution896 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesyears, the French Revolution went from women marching to Versailles and demanding bread, to the institution of the Reign of Terror, which killed close to 250,000 people. The late 18th century was a dramatic time of French, political transformation which originally strived to implement equality throughout the nation. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen reflected the ideas of the Enlightenment and presented the idea of equality and liberty. In theory, the French Revolution of 1789Read MoreCauses Of The French Revolution906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe French Revolution began with a corrupt monarch, and ended with the death of thousands. In 1789 the bourgeoisie (middle class) and peasants revolted against King Louis XVI and nobility, citing various reasons as cause: including corruption and a poor economy. These p eople, making up 97% of the population, were known as the third estate. The original purpose of the revolution was to create a constitutional monarchy, but this idea quickly became lost in the radical ideas of the revolution. HoweverRead MoreCauses Of The French Revolution911 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe French Revolution was a major turning point in all of European history. The old regime was destroyed and a new order came to be. We will talk about the causes of the revolution, when it ended, and if it was violent, Napoleon, what happened after his defeat, and some other leaders, and movies I have seen about the Revolution and how they were correct, plus other things I want to learn. The immediate cause of the French Revolution in 1789 was the near collapse of the French budget. On theRead MoreCauses Of The French Revolution750 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA revolution is a drastic change in the way something is done, such as a government or an economy. One such revolution took place in France where the government was changed several times, many different people obtained power, and traditional ideas were questioned. The French Revolution had many social, political, and economic factors that caused it, and it was very impactful on the people of France, and on the areas outside of it. There were many causes of the French Revolution; some were politicalRead MoreCauses of the French Revolution991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor six of the eight causes of revolution, describe two events, actions or beliefs (evidence) during the years before the French Revolution that led to a developing revolutionary situation. Explain how each contributed to the revolutionary situation. Frances failed attempts at economic reform contributed heavily to the developing revolutionary situation. In August 1787, when the parlements refused to implement the Kings proposed changes to the financial system, it became clear that the Kings authorityRead MoreThe Causes Of The French Revolution902 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe French Revolution was not caused by one single phenomenon, however it can be said that the events occurring in accordance with the French Revolution were not only terrifying but when looking through our eyes just clearly wrong. The most significant reasons for the French Revolution are the imbalance of equality, power, and rights these reasons are supported by the ideas of liberty and fraternity which developed from the enlightenment era philosophers. In conclusion to the French Revolution theRead MoreThe Causes Of The French Revolution1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring 1789, the French Revolution broke out against totalitarian rule and extreme poverty suffered by French civilians. France was under the absolute control of Louis XVI who gathered groups of nobles, clergy, and other royal families in certain cities. The corrupt French royal families in those cities were squandering nearly 75% of FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth and in addition to the expense of royal classes, other wealthy classes such as landlords, local government, and churches were not taxed which made taxesRead MoreThe Causes Of The French Revolution1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe French Revolution The French Revolution was arguably one of the most significant and controversial events in European history. It occurred during the years 1789-1799 when many French citizens became enraged with society and demanded political, financial and social change. The French peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s primary goal was to put an end to monarchy and bring reform to many aspects of French life. Inspired and motivated by the famous American Revolution, French citizens were urged to take action in orderRead MoreFrench Revolution Causes1139 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The French Revolution was not an event that happened overnight but rather a series of events that occurred over several years leading up to the overthrow of the monarchy and the implementation of a new government. The Primary cause for the fall of the Ancien regime was its financial instability and inability to improve upon the lives of the French people. The 4 key flaws or events leading to the fall of the regime was; the structure of royal government, the taxation system, the structure of french
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Securing a computer system has traditionally been a battle of wits: the penetrator tries to find the holes, and the designer tries to close them.Ã¢â¬ ~Gosser Warfare has always been a game of cat and mouse. As technology increases war has to adapt with it. Wars have evolved from a contest of strength to a show of potential. Previously wars were fought with large armies and whomever could most effectively utilize the most troops with better training won; now however, a single person with a nuclear bomb can destroy a city within seconds. In the 1980s, a new technology appeared: the internet. At first the internet was just a way for people to communicate by sending text files to each other. Soon however the internet became a publicÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There are different types of of cyber security: Application security is specific to different applications (programs) and deals with the measures that the program takes while it is running to prevent errors and handle exceptions when there is a flaw (an example of this can be the Windows Blue Screen of Death). Information security is when a company/nation tries to defend information or trade/military secrets from unauthorized access (an example of this is when Gmail is encrypting its passwords). Disaster recovery is the process in which a program tries to recover data after it is corrupted due to a malfunction in the program (an example of this is the system recovery or restore factory settings on any computer). Business continuity planning is identifies an organization s exposure to internal and external threats and synthesizes hard and soft assets to provide effective prevention and recovery for the organization, while maintaining competitive advantage and value system integrityÃ¢â¬ 3 (An example of this is corporate espionage... and protecting from this). EndÃ user education is teaching the users (users 3 Elliot, D.; Swartz, E.; Herbane, B. (1999) Just waiting for the next big bang: business continuity planning in the UK finance sector. Journal of Applied Management Studies, Vol. 8, No, pp. 43Ã¢â¬â60. Here: p. 48. 4 and administrators) how to handle different software (an example of this is computer science classes).Show MoreRelatedFree Speech And Political Speech778 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrhetoric. Do you think anybody should be allowed to say anything, anywhere, anytime, or do you think that speech should be monitored? The privacy versus security debate has been going on for a long time. The government should not be able to spy on American citizens without cause. What would be the reasonable cause for the government to use cyber tools to spy on its citizens? I think reasonable cause would be if a person is on a watch list or if intelligence led the government to a specific personRead MoreEnglish Chinese Russian And Russian Interpretations1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSpecific Terms The table below gives the English, Chinese and Russian interpretations of a few terms utilized in information security. As can be seen from the analysis of the following terms, the concepts and conventions behind each varies widely in each language. This has the potential to provide policymakers with misleading information. English Chinese Russian Information Space Ã¤ ¿ ¡Ã¦ ¯Ã§ © ºÃ©â" ´ xÃ ¬nxÃ « kÃ ngjiÃ n ÃËÃ ½Ã'âÃ ¾Ã'â¬Ã ¼Ã °Ã'â Ã ¸Ã ¾Ã ½Ã ½Ã ¾Ã µ Ã ¿Ã'â¬Ã ¾Ã' Ã'âÃ'â¬Ã °Ã ½Ã' Ã'âÃ ²Ã ¾ Informatsionnoye prostranstvo Cyberspace Ã§ ¶ ²Ã§ µ ¡Ã§ © ºÃ©â"â wÃÅ½ngluÃ ² kÃ ngjiÃ n ÃÅ¡Ã ¸Ã ±Ã µÃ'â¬Ã ¿Ã'â¬Ã ¾Ã' Ã'âÃ'â¬Ã °Ã ½Ã' Ã'âÃ ²Ã ¾Read MoreBuilding And Maintain A Cyber Operations Force1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStrategic Goals Build and maintain a cyber operations force: The Department of Defense requires personnel to be trained to the highest standards and have the highest quality technology available to them in order to operate effectively. To this end the Department of Defense initiated the Cyber Mission Force in 2013 (Ã¢â¬Å"Department of Defense Cyber Strategy,Ã¢â¬ 2015). The Cyber Mission Force is 133 cyber teams: 68 Cyber Protection teams focused on defending the network, 13 National Mission teams to defendRead MoreNuclear Proliferation Among Great Powers Is Not A Top Security1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesproliferation among great powers is not a top security concern because nuclear deterrence is robust. However, nuclear proliferation becomes a greater security threat as terrorist organizations in the Middle East acquire nuclear weapons. Radical, undemocratic leaders hold less value for the lives of populations and are less likely to follow the logic of nuclear deterrence. The United States must cou nter radical threats and prevent the use of nuclear weapons by unstable terrorist organizations throughRead MoreCyber War : A New And Growing Realm Of Influence946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesways little imagined. Cyber, a broad term, means various things to many individuals throughout international communities. Cyber war, unlike the wars of the past, does not fit into current perceptions of war. Yet, a fifth warfighting domain known as cyberspace is a new and growing realm of influence. Various states have or are creating cyberspace units, warriors, strategies and conducting operations (both defensive and offensive). Only hints of what is and will become cyber war crosses the publicRead MoreCyber Terrorism1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthat Bank of America was the victim of a cyber terrorism attack; although no definitive evidence is available to substantiate that claim.Ã Cyber terror attacks pose a threat against the national security of the United States. In order to fully comprehe nd the threat that cyber terrorism poses, it is essential to understand the background, the effects, the reality of the threat and the future of cyber terrorism. This assessment examines the reality of the cyber terrorism threat, and also questions itsRead MoreEssay on The Threat of Cyber War1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCNAÃ¢â¬â¢S AMMUNITION There are several different forms of cyber weapons, all of which can be used for either an attack or espionage. There are principally five common practices. The first of three attacks that will be examined is spoofing. SPOOFING Spoofing is an attack that falsifies information in order to disguise and misconstrue an identity to appear as someone else, or as an application. An example, per say, would be an instance that took place in Arizona at the works of Daniel David RigmaidenRead MoreU.s. Joint Forces And The Strategic Direction1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesForce in 2025 if adequate resources are available. Even with adequate funding, combatant commanders will experience considerable challenges operating in the global security environment. The current strategic direction has prompted a shift of military resources to the Asia-Pacific. This trend will continue. Additionally, globalization, cyber-attacks and advances in technology will further challenge the Joint Forces in the next ten years . The U.S. Joint Forces must identify and develop critical technologyRead MoreStrategic Direction On The United States1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe United States will not be able to effectively rebalance the Joint Force in 2025 unless sequestration is reversed. The current U.S. strategic direction has prompted a shift of military resources to the Asia-Pacific. Globalization, cyber-attacks and advances in technology will further challenge the Joint Forces in the next ten years. It is imperative that the U.S. Joint Forces be adequately funded in order to identify and develop critical technology, establish policies and maintain adequate forceRead MoreEvolution of ICT1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvolution of ICTs has also increased opportunities for military capabilities. Emerging military technologies are more and more information and communication centric. Major weapon system today operate interdependently in a net centric environment which has increased the battlefield awareness manifold. Operation Iraqi Freedom provides a classical example, where through use of net centric operation the Iraqi forces were swiftly defeated. Such development in military domain has led to the notion of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Background Sony Corporation is one of the best-known names in consumer electronics andranks second worldwide in electronics behind Matsushita Electric Corporation. Since itwasÃ establishedÃ shortlyÃ afterÃ WorldÃ WarÃ II,Ã SonyÃ hasÃ introducedÃ aÃ streamÃ ofÃ revolutionaryÃ products,Ã includingÃ theÃ transistorÃ radio,Ã theÃ TrinitronÃ television,Ã theBetamaxÃ VCR,Ã theÃ CDÃ player,Ã theÃ WalkmanÃ portableÃ cassetteÃ player,Ã andÃ thePlayStation game console. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s electronics segmentÃ¢â¬âwhich includes audioand video products, televisions, personal computers, monitors, computer peripherals,telecommunications devices, and electronic components (such as semiconductors). We will write a custom essay sample on Blabla or any similar topic only for you Order Now When Dr. Toshi T. Doi took charge of the project to develop a new computer in 1984, herecruitedÃ 11Ã top-flightÃ engineersÃ toÃ formÃ theÃ team. DoiÃ establishedÃ threeÃ basicguidelines for the development: Ã¢â¬ ¢ (1) the computer should be 32 bit; Ã¢â¬ ¢ (2) it should be multipurpose; and Ã¢â¬ ¢ (3) the project should be completed as soon as possible. The engineers, however, decided that they wanted to design a machine (an engineeringworkstation)Ã thatÃ wouldÃ helpÃ themÃ inÃ theirÃ ownÃ engineeringÃ workÃ ratherÃ thanÃ amultipurpose machine. Doi approved their plan, butÃ he required that it beÃ finished in sixmonths. SAPADAPA ANALYSIS:I. SituationalÃ Analysis Dr. Toshi T. Doi was the general manager of SonyÃ¢â¬â¢s workstation division(WD) and was not keen on changing SonyÃ¢â¬â¢s product development process,which was efficient and successful. The WDÃ¢â¬â¢s workstation Ã¢â¬Å"NEWSÃ¢â¬ launchedin October 1986 at the Tokyo Data Show had generated over 1000 inquiries;theyÃ recoveredÃ investmentsÃ inÃ fewÃ monthsÃ andÃ sawÃ aÃ doubleÃ inÃ salesannually. Its new product development (NPD) process for the 1550 series workstationhad three stages: basic architecture specification Ã¢â¬ ¢ product design Ã¢â¬ ¢ first lot production One side effect of SonyÃ¢â¬â¢s preoccupation with the video business was that itscomputer business. Although Sony hadÃ some success in theÃ computer gamemarket, its first entrants in the computer market were 8-bit machines. TheSMC-70 and SMC-777 are 8-bit machines were introduced in 1982 and 1984,respectively, which failed quickly in competition with 16-bit MS-DOS systems(e. g. , the IBMÃ PC). Sony considered developing aÃ 16-bit microcomputer but itsoon abandoned the idea. II. Problem Analysis The development required too much effort from hardware design engineers. Engineers in small teams were required to handle all issues from logic design tomanufacturability, requiring a breadth of knowledge, which many did not have. These engineers had to put-in 60 to 70 hours a week and much more during acrisis, rendering them overworked. WithÃ all these extraÃ efforts put in,Ã the designswere still not optimized to be manufactured Man/Engineers ? TooÃ muchÃ wasÃ requiredÃ fromÃ thehardware design engineers. Small teams were more efficient but they requiredthat each engineer be able to handle the completerange ofÃ designÃ tasks, fromÃ high-level architecturedown to minor details. Thus the engineerÃ¢â¬â¢s skills andknowledge had to be both broad andÃ deep. Method ? With the current procedure, the designswere notÃ optimized forÃ manufacturability. Because hardware design engineers were unfamiliarwithÃ allÃ ofÃ theÃ manufacturingÃ concerns,Ã theyÃ oftenmissedÃ simpleÃ redesignsÃ thatÃ couldÃ makemanufacturing far more efficient. Inthe current process, it is very difficult to separatetechnologyÃ intoÃ neatÃ stepsÃ andÃ forÃ thisÃ reasonÃ ittakes timeÃ toÃ transfer technology. The workstationmarket is so competitive that there is no time to dothis transfer. SpecializationDesign engineering does ot haveÃ enough expertiseto support manufacturing properly, especially as theproduct line and the number of development projectscontinue to growWorkingÃ TimeHardwareÃ engineersÃ typicallyÃ workÃ 60-70Ã hoursÃ aweek And even more during aÃ crises. SWOT ANALYSIS A. Strengths Ã¢â¬ ¢ Recovered Investments an d doubled theÃ annual sales since theÃ launch ofÃ Ã¢â¬Å"NEWSÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Project Manager often a Senior EngineerÃ B. Weaknesses Ã¢â¬ ¢ Small project teams Ã¢â¬ ¢ Very limited design engineers Ã¢â¬ ¢ Lack of traditional management tasks Ã¢â¬ ¢ Marketing power is insufficientC. Opportunities Ã¢â¬ ¢ Reorganization of engineers Ã¢â¬ ¢ Hiring of Highly expertise/skilled design engineersD. Threats Ã¢â¬ ¢ Marketing power of competitors during this time IV. Potential Problem Analysis Ã¢â¬ ¢ Additional cost in hiring highly expertise or skilled design engineers. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Possible loss of market ifÃ other competitors willÃ win the competition duringthat time when the marketing power is still insufficient. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Small project teams that may require them to add manpower and its costs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Engineers will continue to work too much time that could result to burn-out. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Possible decrease in the annual sales of the Sony Company. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Loss of precisions in the product lines if the needed expertise will not How to cite Blabla, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
After the success of the Legend card, the company launched its own-brand PC into the Chinese market in 1990. The desktops were designed to be easy to use for Chinese consumers. In 1999, the company introduced a PC that overcame ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s complicated Internet access procedures with a preloaded oneyear Internet connection. This also included Chinese voice-recognition software and a graphic pad for writing Chinese characters by hand. Thus, the company became ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s PC market leader with 21. 5% share in 1999 and well known throughout the Asia-Pacific region. 3. What challenges did Lenovo face after the acquisition? After the merger with IBM, Lenovo faced many challenges as following: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Integrating Thinkpad into Lenovo brand. Lenovo wanted to create awareness of the new brand, on the other hand, it had become tough to maintain the credibility of ThainkPad as an innovative and creative product when Lenovo brand itself was positioned as a low-cost brand. Lenovo had to determine a strategy which would help to increase its brand awareness without hurting the ThinkPad credibility. Building Lenovo brand outside Asia-Pacific region. In order to introduce its brand to the global market, Lenovo had joined the Olympic Partner Program. This opportunity helped Lenovo to access the international market. Because the Lenovo name was not well known outside Asia, the company viewed the Turin Olympics sponsorship as an opportunity to show its capabilities to the world. Olympics served to showcase Lenovo from a local brand to a global brand. The media and press perception of LenovoÃ¢â¬â¢s association with China and the Chinese government is another particular challenge. As firms from China and some other Asian countries tend to get very low marks for trustworthiness, Lenovo had to build its own image as a new world type of company by bringing the best from East (Lenovo) and West (IBM). Ã¢â¬ ¢ 4. How should Lenovo handle the brand management challenges associated with the acquisition? In order to build Lenovo global brand, the company should leverage both its efficiency and the ThinkPad reputation of quality. After the acquisition, the company settled on a Ã¢â¬Å"one-two punchÃ¢â¬ strategy with two elements: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã ¢â¬ ¢ Build up Lenovo as a strong master brand Continue to strengthen the ThinkPad product brand, which was a special franchise that could be leveraged to support the Lenovo master brand In 2006, Lenovo planned to launch its own-branded PC series 3000 worldwide. This new product was tended to serve different customerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. The 3000 Series is built with industry-standard, value price, contemporary design, and secure security. On the other hand, the Think-branded are to be industry-leading PCs with custom models, classic design, complete business solutions, and the most secure PCs on the market. Lenovo has chosen to effectively use the ThinkPad name from IBM in order to maintain existing IBM customer while at the same time extending the quality perception of the ThinkPad into other LenovoÃ¢â¬â¢s product lines. I personally agree with LenovoÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy to keep the ThinkPad brand separately from the other product lines. This will not damage the ThinkPad brand quality. Moreover, building the ThinkPad + Lenovo connection through advertising and marketing campaigns such as ThinkPad Unleashed, the ThinkPad reputation can eventually be seen in the rest of Lenovo products. In my opinion, launching its first Lenovo brand PC worldwide by using a product number (3000 series) was not the best idea. The fact that numbers are pretty generic and the same number may be used on many products across many industries could be confusing. I would recommend Lenovo to create a new name as what Sony and Compaq did with the Vaio and Presario. The name of the new product that could imply an image of a good choice, easy on the budget, and a good home companion. At the present, Lenovo named their other product lines differently. The Ã¢â¬Å"ThinkPadÃ¢â¬ are seen as business laptops with premium quality while the Ã¢â¬Å"IdeaPadÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"EssentialÃ¢â¬ are built for home and small business users. Lastly, Lenovo should differentiate itself as being the Ã¢â¬Å"new world typeÃ¢â¬ of company. The combination of East and West, innovation and efficiency can become the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive advantage. 5. In trying to become a global brand, does Lenovo have a problem coming from China? According to AdvaniÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation that firms from China and some other Asian countries tend to get very low marks for trustworthiness, therefore, Lenovo would have a problem coming from China. Since Lenovo is a company from China, the perception of providing cheap products might devalue the Lenovo master brand. In my opinion, the consolidation between Lenovo and IBM would result in a degradation of the Ã¢â¬Å"ThinkPadÃ¢â¬ brand around the world. IBM brand is perceived as the high-end premium brand, while Lenovo is perceived as the low-cost brand. IBM ThinkPad stood for quality and Ã¢â¬Å"made in AmericaÃ¢â¬ (even though most production took place offshore). Lenovo was known as a PC market from China and lack of brand recognition through the international market. Products from China are often viewed as clones with low quality and sold at low price. Thus, the main concern from customer was that the innovation and quality of ThinkPad would slow down. This will become a big challenge for Lenovo to think about how to remain their brand image after the 5-year transaction when Lenovo will have no right to use the IBM brand. To overcome this problem, Lenovo has to ensure that their products have a unique, distinctive and attractive design while remaining same IBM quality.
Sunday, March 29, 2020
Living areas The Los Angeles Area is inhabited by a very large Korean American community. At this point, it is very difficult to determine the exact number, but according to the results available in 2008, this minority was represented by 1.1 million people (Kim, 27). These people live predominantly in Los Angeles County and Orange County.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Profile of a language group present in the Los Angeles area specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There are some places where there is a large proportion of this group; in particular, one has to speak about such neighborhood as Koreatown. They constitute 23 percent of total population which is approximately 28520 people (Kim, 27). Overall, Korean Americans live in Los Angeles, Anaheim, and many neighboring cities. Reasons for settling in the US and the LA area There are several reasons why these people decided to settle in the United States, and parti cularly the LA area. First, some of them had to immigrate in order to avoid political prosecution. This reason is particularly important when we speak about North Korean refugees or their descendants. Secondly, many Korean people chose to settle in the US because this country could provide them with better economic and employment opportunities. It should be noted that Korean population of the Los Angeles area began to increase dramatically after the adoption of Immigration and Nationality Act (Chen, 41). Many of these immigrants chose this part of the United States because of its rapid economic growth, vast educational opportunities, and mild climate. The use of the language in the private sector Private education The Korean language is not often used in the sphere of private education. Certainly, we can mention Wilshire Private School in which students can learn the Korean language, but it is not a part of the curriculum (Wilshire Private School, unpaged). It is located in Los Ange les on 4900 Wilshire Boulevard. This educational institution can serve the needs of ESL students, and many Korean immigrants want their children to attend this school because in this place they could practice both English and Korean.Advertising Looking for report on linguistics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Religious worship Currently, the majority of Korean Americans view themselves as Christians (Yoo Chung, 60). Similar situation can be observed in Los Angeles area. Approximately, 51 percent of Koreans living in the US are Catholic, while 49 percent adhere to the principles of Buddhism (Yoo Chung, 61). These people do not usually read their religious texts in their native language. Only a small group of people representing first-wave immigration can do it. Stores and supermarkets There are some supermarkets and stores in which employees can communicate with the customers in Korean. For example, one can mention Koreatown Plazza. In this supermarket, many labels are written in English and Korean. Besides, those Korean immigrants, who have yet to master the English language, can ask the personnel for assistance. Newspapers and magazines Yes, there is at least one Korean-language newspaper which still operates, namely the Korea Times. It is published in Los Angeles (The Korean Times, unpaged). This periodical is issued every Monday and Saturday. It is primarily intended for people who have settled in the US only recently, but it does not enjoy great popularity among Korean Americans who grew up in the country. Legal services Yes, it is possible to find some organizations which try to attract Korean American clients by saying that their attorneys are able to communicate in Korean. As far as this issue is concerned we can mention Ryu Law Firm which is located in Los Angeles. This organization can help native speakers of Korean. Festivals There are several holidays celebrated by this ethnic minority. One should first mention Dano festival and Seollal. They have no fixed date because are celebrated in accordance with the lunar calendar. Besides, one should not forget about annual Korean Festival and Parade. Overall, these festivals frequently involve dance, song, rites, and various kinds of games. Special Occupations of the language group It is rather difficult to define some specific occupation of Korean Americans living the Los Angeles area. One should take into account that approximately 51 per cent of these people have a college degree, and many of them are highly-skilled white color workers (Chen 44). One cannot say that thee ethnic group is over or underrepresented in a certain area of business.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Profile of a language group present in the Los Angeles area specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Radio and television There are three radio stations the Los Angeles area which broadcast exclusively in Korean, namely KYPA, KFOX, and KMPC (Min, 44). They are available twenty four a day (Min, 44). Moreover, one can mention tvK which is a Korean-language TV station. This channel is not broadcast on a national network. Restaurants Yes, those people, who visit Korean restaurants in Los Angeles, can see that menus are written in Korean and English. The owners of these shops provide both Korean names of dishes and English translation. Such policy can be explained by the fact that these places are often visited by people who have only come from Korea, and their command of the English language may need some improvement. It should be noted that many local restaurants, especially post sign in Korean language. In this case, we can mention Hodori Restaurant located on 1001 S Vermont Ave. Driving schools No, those people, who want to attend driving school, will have to speak the English language. The only institutions which can provide such services is KimÃ¢â¬â¢s Driving Schoo l which can be found on 3306 Venice Boulevard. This organization can offer Korean language sessions. Nevertheless, the majority of Korean Americans living in the Los Angeles Area are able to take English-language driving courses. Public sector and government services In some parts of Los Angeles, especially, Koreatown, the authorities disseminate information in Korean and English languages. For instance, the local government of this district is obliged to give Korean language voting bulleting. The extent to which the language is used Judging from the findings of this report, and my own observation, I can say that Korean Americans are more likely to speak English rather than Korean. Korean-speakers are more likely to be found among the first-generation immigrants, while young people tend to speak English. Overall, it is possible to say that this ethnic group considerable assimilated into the American society. This is one of the reasons why they are often viewed as a model minority (P ark, Lin, Lee, 63). It should be noted that only 20 percent of second-generation immigrants from Korea are bilingual (Chen, 42). The rest of them can communicate only in English. These are the main peculiarities of their language use.Advertising Looking for report on linguistics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Chen, Edith. Encyclopedia of Asian American Issues Today. NY: ABC-CLIO, 2010. Print. Kim, Heerak. Korean-American youth identity and 9/11: an examination of Korean-Ã American ethnic identity in post-9/11 America. Berkerley: The Hermit Kingdom Press. 2008. Print. Min, Pyong. Caught in the middle: Korean merchants in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s multiethnic cities. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. Print. Park, Clara, Goodwin, Lin and Lee Stacey. Asian American identities, families, andÃ schooling. NY: IAP, 2003. Print. The Korea Times. The Official Website. 2009. Web. Wilshire Public School. The Official Website. 2010. Web. Yoo, David and Chung Ruth. Religion and spirituality in Korean America. Springfield: University of Illinois Press. 2008. Print. Appendix A Korean-language inscription at Hodori Restaurant in LA This report on Profile of a language group present in the Los Angeles area was written and submitted by user W1ll1amStryker to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Concept of Living Constitution in Essential of American Government Root and Reforms a Book by OConnor, Yanus and Sabato
Concept of Living Constitution in Essential of American Government Root and Reforms a Book by OConnor, Yanus and Sabato OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato, in their book (Essential of American Government: Root and Reforms), described the concept of the Ã¢â¬Ëliving constitutionÃ¢â¬â¢ as a document that is flexible and has the ability to change. During the development of the constitution, there was need to consider the changing society over time.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Concept of Living Constitution in Ã¢â¬Å"Essential of American Government: Root and ReformsÃ¢â¬ a Book by OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, the constitution had to be made in such a way as to allow its evolution in order to accommodate the needs of the society. It is also argued that the constitution was written intentionally to be flexible and broad. This was in order to allow for technological and social changes that occur over time. Thomas Jefferson argued that institutions and laws must not lag behind as chang es occur in the human mind. He suggested that people become more enlightened and more developed. New discoveries are made and new ideas and truths unfolded. Therefore, there was need to accommodate these changes of circumstances in order to keep pace with them (Scalia and Gutmann 133). He explained how it was impossible for a grown man to fit into the coat that he once wore as a boy. The constitution may be described as a living document in three ways. Firstly, it may be viewed as living due to the way in which formal amendment are made. It could also be said to be living based on the informal amendment process. The custom, tradition and usage of the constitution also make it a living document. The formal amendment process describes how changes are made to the document. There are two ways in which an amendment may be proposed and two ways in which it may be ratified. These methods have been highlighted in Article V of the constitution (Goldford 150). This section has played an impor tant role since it has allowed Congress to enact an amendment. Since a three-fourths majority of the votes is required for the amendment to be approved, it ensures that the Congress remains honest. This has also kept it constantly growing. Informal amendments can also be made on the constitution in various ways. Congress may pass them as basic legislations. They can also result from court decisions or executive agreements. The Congress may pass legislations as it desires. Executive agreements, which are contracts made between the head of state and head of foreign states, are used by the president when he needs to deal with foreign issues (Rehnquist 473). Court decision have for a long time been used to make constitutional changes in that they have led to the coming up of new laws.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The customs, traditions and the various ways in which the constitution was used in the past have greatly shaped the activities today. An example of a custom that has dictated how certain things are done today is the delivering of the State of Union Address annually. It is usually done at almost the same time every year. However, there is nowhere in the constitution where the individual responsible should do it at a particular time and in the presence of the press. However, it has traditionally been done that way and it has become a custom. Changes have also arisen from the use of certain portions of the legislation. A good example is the War Powers Resolution of 1973. It has never been formally enforced. Only parts of it have been used occasionally. Not a single president has stood completely by the resolutionÃ¢â¬â¢s provisions. Another application of the living constitution may be in the reference made by the Supreme Court (James 49). In the eighth amendment, it talks of Ã¢â¬Ëevolving standards of decencyÃ¢â¬â¢. It defines the c onstitution in broad terms. Therefore, it states that the court shall interpret the situation with the current societal conditions in mind. It recognizes that the society is constantly changing and so are the standards of decency. Constitutional Amendments OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato also discussed the several amendments to the U.S. constitution (350). Some of these amendments were not passed due to one reason or the other. One the amendments proposed to the U.S. Constitution was the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). This amendment was proposed with the promise of guaranteeing equal rights for the women (Nicholson 254). It was meant to take effect two years after its ratification. It was originally composed by Alice Paul and was brought to the Congress. Several decades after it was first introduced to the Congress, it passed both houses of Congress (Moore 78). It was then taken for ratification in the state legislatures. However, it failed to get the required number of ratificatio ns before the deadline. In addition to this, conservatives opposed the Equal Rights Amendment (Mansbridge 79). Therefore, it failed to be adopted. I would support this amendment since I believe in gender equality. I believe that men and women should be treated equally unless there is a sound biological reason to warrant different treatment. The government should provide equality in law and ensure that there is equality when it comes to social situations. Both men and women should have equal democratic rights. In terms of employment, both should also be paid equally for equal work and have the same opportunities when it comes to growth (training) and promotions. Women should also be allowed to pursue careers and get into positions that have always been occupied by the men. In many countries, women have been allowed to serve in the army. Some work in the police force and fire departments. Women should also have equal opportunities when it comes to the occupation of political positions or top management positions in organizations.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Concept of Living Constitution in Ã¢â¬Å"Essential of American Government: Root and ReformsÃ¢â¬ a Book by OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gender equality should be observed in all aspects including the home setting. For example, activities such as cleaning, childcare and nursing should not be considered as exclusively the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s. Men are equal to the task and should take responsibility. The Equal Rights Amendment should have been passed in order to ensure equality of both men and women. The Every Vote Counts Amendment was another proposed amendment in the U.S. It was meant to change the way in which the president and the vice president are put into power. It provided for the popular election of the two individuals (Bugh 32). Therefore, this would mean that an electoral system is used in place of the Electoral College (Edwards 122). The two positions would be filled by the individuals who gunner the most votes from the citizens. Citizens from the different states and the district would elect a leader of their choice. The Electoral College have for a long time elected the president and vice president of the United States. I favour the passing of this amendment because the process in which the president and vice president are put in power is credible and appropriate. The choice of the leaders of a particular country should be made by the individuals to be led. This means that the citizens are the ones to select their own leaders. The Electoral College is made up of few individuals who may not necessarily represent the desires of the entire population. Therefore, all the citizens should be given the opportunity to vote in the leaders of their choice. This way, they would be responsible for the kind of leadership that the elected persons exercise. Voting should be regarded as the right of every individual. Federalism The American government was initially thought to be run under the system of federalism (Kelly, Harbison, and Belz 321). This is a term that was derived from the Federalists. It expressed the idea that the governmental power was divided between different units. These included the central government (national authority) and the states. There are several forms of federalism described by OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor and her colleagues. Some of them include cooperative federalism, fiscal federalism, dual federalism, new federalism and creative federalism. Dual federalism This is the theory of shared power in the U.S. government. The federal constitutional law assumes that power is divided into two different spheres. One of the spheres of power is in the possession of the federal government. The other belongs to each of the states.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Both spheres are equally powerful and are limiting to the other. In this case, the provisions of the constitution are interpreted and applied differently in such a way as to give authority to the governments within the particular sphere (OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato 247). However, it also works in such a way as to limit its power over the other. Fiscal Federalism This involves the division of the functions of the public sector and funds among the various parts of the government. There is an emphasis on the need for improved performance of the public sector. Proper alignment of the fiscal instruments is also required. A focus and the maximization of welfare are important to the optimization of jurisdictional authority. However, economic considerations only cannot be enough to ensure optimal jurisdictional authority. Political considerations must also be considered since it helps shape the fiscal relations between governments in most of the federations. Creative Federalism This f orm of federalism was popular during the 1960s. One of its characteristics was that the federal government was responsible for the determination of the statesÃ¢â¬â¢ needs (Lowi 147). During this period, the federal government served the state directly and provided its needs, which included social services. There was need for liaison between federal government and the state government in order to plan how to achieve the set objectives. Cooperative Federalism This form of federalism assumes that the state and federal governments have equal power. The local, state and national governments work together to solve common issues (Hills 907). New Federalism This was created in order to ensure devolution of power. This form was deemed necessary after the state governments lost power. Loss of power was associated with the enforcement of civil rights in U.S. and President Franklin RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s New Deal (Zavodnyik 166). There was a push and pull between the states and the federal govern ment and this prompted for some change in policies. It led to the transfer of power back to the local and state governments. It involved the provision of block grants by the federal government. Revenue sharing was also returned to the lesser governments. Civil Rights and Liberties OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato mentioned the rights and liberties enjoyed by every American. However, some have been jeopardized today. One of the rights of the American people that have been jeopardized recently is the rights to privacy (communications privacy). This may be seen in the way the private communications of innocent citizens are intercepted by law enforcement agents. The USA Patriot Act, in particular has led to such violations. The act came about in response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. This act reduced the restrictions placed on agencies as they gathered intelligence within the United States. It also allowed for the deporting and detaining of immigrants who were thought to hav e terrorist intent. Therefore, there was an enhanced domestic security against terrorism. This led to the enhancement of surveillance procedures by the particular bodies. Surveillance and wiretapping were extensively used and at some point caused conflict. The Electronic Privacy Information Center, for example, opposed the surveillance of packet switched networks. This is because the content in the address information would be exposed. There was also expansion in search warrants as the FBI could access voicemails. Only a search warrant was required in order for one to get access. The agents could also perform a Ã¢â¬Ësneak and peekÃ¢â¬â¢ search. This was to be done without prior notice. This notice also prevented anyone from resisting any search even if it was wrongfully done. These practices threatened the citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s individual liberties since they thought it was ironic that their freedom was shacked and yet the main terrorists (such as Osama) walked freely. I chose to dis cuss this issue because it is controversial. From the book by OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Yanus and Sabato, I have learnt that the efforts of the government to safeguard the United States from terrorism have come with a cost and the citizens are the ones to pay. Going through peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s voicemails and emails infringes the right to privacy and this should not be the case. Another right that has been in jeopardy is the freedom of speech. The Democracy Is Strengthened by Casting Light On Spending in Elections Act (DISCLOSE) was opposed by several parties since it jeopardised the citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights and liberties (Kiang and Murray 41). This bill was introduced in order to prohibit foreign corporations from influencing the election results through campaigns (Kolodny 154). This meant that the corporations were not allowed to make political contributions or provide access to certain information (financial) to its members or the public. This, in a way, restricts some institutions from exercis ing their rights (free speech). Just as the American citizens were starting to express their rights to free speech, the democrats geared up for a vote on the new bill that would undermine the First Amendment. With the amendment of the bill, the playing field would not be levelled since the opposition would have been literally silenced. The funny thing is that the amendments were to be made only five months to the elections. This bill was opposed and criticised by the American Civil Liberties Union. This was due to its ability to cause unnecessary damage to the freedom of speech rights (Warburton 176). In addition to this, it did not consider protecting the privacy of the citizens. One of the negative impacts that would have been caused by this is the lack of donor anonymity. Some opposed it arguing that it would violate the principle of fairness and equality. I chose to discuss this case since freedom of speech should be enjoyed by every citizen in the United States of America. From what I have learnt from the course, I can rightfully say that laws that act in such a way as to prevent free speech should not be passed. Bugh, Gary. Representation in Congressional efforts to amend the presidential election system. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishers, 2010. Print. Edwards, George. Why the electoral college is bad for America (second edition). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2011. Print. Goldford, Dennis. The American constitution and the debate over originalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print. Hills, Roderick. Ã¢â¬Å"The political economy of cooperative federalism: Why state autonomy makes sense and dual sovereignty doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ Michigan Law Review 64.4 (1998): 813-944. Print. James, Leanoard. The Supreme Court in American Life. Chicago: Scott Foreman, 1964. Print. Kelly, Alfred, Winfred Harbison, and Herman Belz. The American constitution: Its origins and development (7th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1991. Print. Ki ang, Mathias, and Andrew Murray. Human rights in the digital age. New York: Routledge, 2005. Print. Kolodny, Robin. The Several elections of 1824 Ã¢â¬â Congress the Presidency. Washington, D.C.: American University, 1996. Print. Lowi, Teri. The end of the republican Era. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006. Print. Mansbridge, Jane. Why we lost the ERA. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Print. Moore, John. Congressional QuarterlyÃ¢â¬â¢s guide to U.S. Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly. Inc., 1985. Print. Nicholson, Zoe. The hungry heart Ã¢â¬â A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s fast for justice. Newport Beach: Lune Soleil Press, 2004. Print. OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Karen, Alixandra Yanus, and Larry Sabato. Essential of American Government: Root and Reforms, 2011 Edition (10th ed.). New York: Longman, 2011. Print. Rehnquist, William. Ã¢â¬Å"The notion of a living constitution.Ã¢â¬ Texas Law Review 693.54 (1976): 344-511. Print. Scalia, Antonin, and Amy Gutmann. A matter of interpretation: Federal courts and the law. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998. Print. Warburton, Nigel. Free speech: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Zavodnyik, Peter. The rise of the federal colossus: The growth of federal power from Lincoln to F.D.R. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2011. Print.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Cloud Computing - Essay Example Balance in most cases remains the weight that is distributed in the design through placement of the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s elements. Alignment; - In most distribution industries, alignment as a design principle allows the creation of order and organization. It also allows the creation of visual connection within the organization (Morris, 2012). Contrast; - This design principle generally allows organizations to focus on its design elements and by doing this, it helps in improving processes within the organization. Lastly, the space allows free movement in organization especially during the organization processes (Morris, 2012). Adhering to the fundamental design principles is therefore important especially during the development of secure applications. Effective adherence of the design principles in most cases provides balance and a continuation during the development of secure applications. Adherence of the fundamental designs also provides improvement during the development of secure